German, Language, Norwegian

Beginning Norwegian

For quite some time, I have wanted to learn Norwegian.  I have purchased some resources in the past, but what really motivated me was the release of Norwegian (Bokmål) on Duolingo.  My ultimate goal was to learn Norwegian from German, but that resource is not available.  So, I began some of the basic lessons and translated them on paper into German before answering them in English.

Here are Lessons 1 & 2 from Basics:

Bokmål (Norwegian) > Deutsch (German) > English

  • Hvem? > Wer? > Who?
  • en mann > ein Mann > a man
  • en kvinne > eine Frau > a woman
  • Det er en mann. > Es ist ein Mann. > It is a man.
  • Hvem er du? > Wer sind Sie? > Who are you?
  • Hvem er jeg? > Wer bin ich? > Who am I?
  • Hvem er det? > Wer ist es? > Who is it?
  • Du er en kvinne. > Sie sind eine Frau. > You are a woman.
  • Jeg er en kvinne. > Ich bin eine Frau. > I am a woman.
  • Jeg er en mann. > Ich bin ein Mann. > I am a man.
  • en jente > ein Madchen > a girl
  • en gutt > ein Junge > a boy
  • En gutt og en jente > Ein Junge und ein Madchen > a boy and a girl
  • Hvem er han? > Wer ist er? > Who is he?
  • Hvem er hun? > Wer ist sie? > Who is she?
  • Hun er ikke en mann. > Sie ist kein Mann. > She is not a man.
  • Han er ikke en kvinne. > Er ist keine Frau.  > He is not a woman.
  • Han er en mann, ikke en gutt. > Er ist ein Mann, kein Junge. > He is a man, not a boy.
  • Hun er en jente. > Sie ist ein Madchen. > She is a girl.
  • En kvinne og en mann. > Eine Frau und ein Mann. > A woman and a man.
  • Han er en gutt. > Er ist ein Junge. > He is a boy.
  • Hun er ikke en mann. > Sie ist kein Mann. > She is not a man.

Some things to keep in mind:

  • Similar to English, Norwegian has few conjugations for verbs.  Er is pronounced like are, in English, and is the verb to be.
  • Similar to German, letters are pronounced (for the most part).  So the kv in kvinne, both letters are sounded out together kv-inne; and hv is less pronounced, but still slightly there.
  • Similar to German, the J is pronounced like the English Y (Jeg is pronounced like eye in English, but prefixed with a Y).
  • Similar to German, the ending E is pronounced with a slight uh sound (ikke).

Those are some very basic things that I picked up.  It may not be 100% accurate, but it I got the Norwegian to English correct according to Duolingo… and I went from Norwegian-to-German-to-English to get there (kind of).

Perhaps this can be useful for creating a Deutsch > Bokmål mapping in Duolingo?

Bonus: Norwegian and Danish share a common alphabet containing 29 letters.  The letters are the 26 letters that we know in English followed be Æ, Ø, and Å.